Studying the relationship between the level of educational achievement and smoking in a sample of students of Hawash Private University Research submitted to obtain a bachelor’s degree in pharmacy Prepared by: Bashar Deeb, Laila Bishara, Emad Jabbour and Hlaa shear supervision Prof. Ge0rgeos Deeb

Introduction

Studies have shown that smokers suffer from poor compatibility, anxiety, self-dissatisfaction, poor self-control, rebellion, and stress. All these factors affect the psychology of the learner and the level of academic achievement of students who smoke.

Some studies have shown that smoking was more common among adolescents with low academic performance compared to high performance (2019 Kuipers, Mirte A G).

Poor academic performance is associated with an increased risk of smoking, frequent smoking, more cigarette use, and fewer attempts to quit smoking (Tucker, Green, Pollard, & Kennedy, 2012, Go, Green, HD, Pollard, M., & Kennedy (2012).

Some studies have indicated that poor students are often smokers because of confusing factors, such as the social and economic background of the family (Ali, Dwyer, 2009, Ali, MM, & Dwyer, 2009). , Tucker, JS, Green, HD, Pollard, M., & Kennedy, D. (2012).

Poor academic performance may be a known risk factor for student smoking, but the relationship is still unclear, as the role of other relationships is rarely examined. Our study aims to study the relationship between the level of educational attainment and smoking in a random sample of students of Hawash Private University and try to explore the role of the economic situation from the fact that the financial situation and the economic situation of the students of the university is somewhat mediocre if not good.

In addition, no research has yet been recorded in Syria on the relationship between the level of academic achievement and smoking among university students in general, including private universities.

Materials and methods of research

The study was conducted in an elective sample of 550 students (359 males and 195 females) at Al Hawash University of Salars between 19 and 24 years old.

Determine the level of achievement of each student through his / her cumulative average (AGPA) obtained from his or her student record.

The data and indicators were studied statistically using Microsoft Excel

Materials and methods of research

The study was conducted in an elective sample of 550 students (359 males and 195 females) at Al Hawash University of Salars between 19 and 24 years old.

Determine the level of achievement of each student through his / her cumulative average (AGPA) obtained from his or her student record.

The data and indicators were studied statistically using Microsoft Excel.

Results

The percentage of students who smoked was 73.4% (404 out of 550 students, 288 males, 120 females).

A study of the relationship between the cumulative rate and smoking showed that the highest percentage of smokers in general was among students below 83.8% of the total number of students who were below 2 (90.9% male and 65% female).

The number of students with less than 1 was ranked second, with 79.4% of the total number of students with less than 1 (71% female and 81.4%).

In the third place was the group of students with an average of more than 2, with 64.9% (56.3% females and 70% males) of the total number of students who were above 2.

The lowest percentage of smokers was recorded among students with an average of higher than 3, with 48.1% (50% females and 45% males) of the total number of students who were above 3.

These findings confirm that smoking is more common among students with low academic attainment compared to students with higher education and the fact that the proportion of smokers is generally high among university students. In principle, the role of material deterioration and the economic background of the family in the use of cigarettes is denied.

العلاقة بين مستوى التحصيل العلمي والتدخين

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