A statistical study of the relationship between blood groups and educational achievement in a random sample of students of Al-Hawash Private University Research submitted to obtain a Bachelor’s Degree in Pharmacy Prepared by: Bashar Deeb, Laila Bishara, Emad Jabbour and Hala Shaar Supervision Prof.Ge0rgeos Deeb

Introduction
A number of studies have dealt with the relationship between the blood groups and the level of educational attainment among the different peoples. Despite the limited number of these studies, the results were different for the contrasting ones.
A study of a sample of medical students in South India showed a difference in the level of educational achievement among the various blood groups, especially those in group A who had higher academic achievement compared to other groups. However, these differences were not statistically significant (2017) Srivastava N , Yadav
On the other hand, another study of the relationship between the blood groups and each of the average rate of achievement and the level of educational attainment among students of a number of Jordanian universities (Jerash University, University of Jordan, Yarmouk University, Philadelphia University, Irbid National University and Balqa Applied University) (IQ) and the highest level of scientific achievement (AGPA) compared to other groups, while the IQ and level of achievement of students in the lower B group compared to other groups (2014 Mohumad Saleh Atoom).
Thus, when we look at the few available data and regardless of their contradictions, we note that many aspects of the relationship between the blood groups and the rate of educational attainment remain unclear. Moreover, no study has been conducted in Syria on the issue.

Objective of the study: The aim of the study is to examine the potential relationship between the blood groups and the level of educational attainment in a random sample of students of Al-Hawash Private University.

Materials and Methods of Study
Place of study: Al Hawash Private University – Faculty of Pharmacy
The study was conducted in random sample of 550 students (359 males and 195 females) A group of healthy students at the Faculty of Pharmacy with ages ranging between 19-24 years
The venous blood sample was taken after a fasting period of not less than three hours by sterile syringes (3 cm) and collected in special tubes with anticoagulant (EDTA) and kept in the fridge at a temperature of 4 m.
Blood groups were determined using a standard antibody.

Determine the level of achievement of each student through his / her cumulative average (AGPA) obtained from his or her student record.

The data and indicators studied were statistically treated using Excel
Microsoft.

Summary of research findings

 The descending order of the frequency of blood groups in male and female students with a mean of 2 or higher was as follows: Group A followed by O followed by B and AB.
The proportion of females with group A was higher than their male counterparts by about 8%, while the proportion of males in group B was higher than their female counterparts by about 6%
 The descending order of distribution of blood groups in all students with a mean of 2 or higher expressed in percentage of the total number of students with the same blood group was as follows: Group A and then B followed by AB followed by the percentage of females was higher than males in all groups
 The descending order of the frequency of blood groups in students with a mean of 3 or higher was as follows: Group A, then O, then B and AB, and the percentage of females was higher than that of males in all groups except group B where males were higher than females.
 The descending order of blood group frequency in students with a mean of 3 or higher expressed in percentage of the total number of students with the same blood group was as follows: Clusters AB, A, B, O
The proportion of females was higher than that of males, where the proportion of females who hold the group AB 25% of the total female population who have the same group
 The descending order of frequency of blood groups in students below 2 was as follows: group A, A, B, and AB.
The percentage of group O was close among males and females, while the percentage of group A in the female peers male, while the proportion of groups AB, B was higher in males than females
 The descending order of blood group frequency in students below 2 expressed in the percentage of total students with the same blood group was as follows: AB, then O followed by B, A.
The percentage of males was higher than that of females in all groups, especially group A, B
 The descending order of the frequency of blood groups in students with a mean of less than 1 was as follows: group A, A, B, AB.
The percentage of males was higher than the percentage of females except group O where the proportion of females is higher than males.
-The descending order of blood group frequency in students with less than one percent of the total number of students with the same blood group was as follows: Group B, B, O, A. The percentage was higher among males than among females in all groups.بحث العلاقة بين الزمر الدموية ومستوى التحصيل العلمي لدى طلاب كلية الصيدلة عربي

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